Our cells need sugar to survive and create energy for our bodies to use. It gets this sugar from the food that you eat. This sugar is also known as glucose!
Before the cells the can use the glucose that you eat, it first needs to be absorbed into your blood. If you had super vision, you'd be able to see the glucose floating around with the red blood cells of your blood...
Once the glucose is in your blood, the cells need a special hormone called insulin to help it take up the glucose. Insulin is made and released by a very special organ in your body called the pancreas! The pancreas releases this insulin into your blood.
The insulin helps the glucose move inside your cells. This allows the cells to make energy so that important organs like your brain can function normally and help you focus at school!
When you have Type 1 Diabetes, the pancreas is unable to produce and release insulin. This means that sugar builds up in the blood and your cells cannot use the glucose to make energy!
Pancreas - out of order!
The sugar in your blood just continues to build up which makes you feel hungry, tired, thirsty and very sick! Because you're thirsty, you end up drinking loads of water which makes you run to the toilet and sometimes wet your bed which many children find embarrassing.