Ionian Greek city-states on the west coast of Anatolia decided to revolt against the Persian Empire in 499 B.C.E. The Ionian Greeks asked for help from the Greeks, Athens was the only one to help. The Persian navy fought mostly against the Athenian navy and was defeated. King Darius was angry that the Athens helped the Ionians rebel against Persia.
Causes of the war
Date. 499 & 492 B.C.E
The story is that the Athenians had an incredible runner named Pheidippides. Pheidippides ran 26 miles from Marathon to Athens to warn them of Persian force. Legends say that when he got to Athens he yelled, "Rejoice, we conquer!" then dropped dead.
Battle of Marathon
date 490 BC.
Battle of Thermopylae
An alliance of greek-city states. Led by King Leonaids of Sparta.
Date 480 BC.
Battle of Salamis An alliance of Greek-City states under Thermistoclesand the Persian empire under King Xerxes, in the end, it was a decisive victory for the outnumbered Greeks.
Battle of Platteau
Date, 479 BC
The final battle during the second invasion of Greece. Fought between an alliance of Greek-City states and the persian empire.
The Greeks were able to come together. To defend against the Persians, Athens formed the Delian Leagure, making them the powerful city-states in Greece. Sparta formed their own league, and the two powers went to war.