The Inca Empire - By Neel and Saurav
By neelguda, Updated
Science and Technology
At its peak, the Inca empire reached about 2,500 miles long South America's large, yet mountainous West coast. This empire extended from present day Ecuador, to the south of Chile. The main geographic feature in this certain region are the Andes Mountains. The Andean region of South America runs from desert, to rainforest, to glaciers.
When it came to architecture, the incas made lots of new advancements. The incas were able to create marvelous cities that were able to withstand the rough environment around it. These buildings were created by tools used for precision cutting. Using this method, they were able to construct some marvelous sculptures, ranging from temples to palaces.
The Incas had no writing system, instead they had lines of cord with different knots which tell symbols like numbers and letters which make writing. This was called a Quipu. The Incas built a large system of roads which had spread throughout their vast and powerful empire. This connects to the Roman Empire's saying, “all roads lead to Rome” The Inca created a vast amount of bridges which includes suspension and pontoon bridges.
The main god of the Incas was known as Inti. Since he was the sun god, he represented the bright light of the Inca empire and was known as a patron of the Incas.The well being of a king and his empire drastically affected the harvest, especially since this is one of the only things which gives the Inca food.
The Inca were known for their organization by each civilization's greatest traits. They generally allowed conquered territories to operate in the same way they had been earlier, except with some sort of Cuzco representative at the top. Even though the Inca forced religion into all of the places in which they had conquered. These places are allowed to practice their own religions unless they also worshiped the two main gods.
The Incas were polytheistic, meaning they worshipped more than one god. Still, Inti was the primary god. The Incas had a number of beliefs, each created by Inti. These beliefs were their basic government structures. The Incas created holy structures, one being the Temple of the Sun.
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