The Neolithic Revolution started around 10,000 B.C. in the Fertile Crescent, a boomerang-shaped region of the Middle East where humans first took up farming. The Neolithic Revolution also called the Agricultural Revolution, marked the transition in human history from small, nomad bands of hunter-gatherers to larger, agricultural settlements and early civilization. They were making a large population. The Neolithic Revolution has changed a lot over time. It started from small population and small farming to a larger population and larger farming.
People invented farming in different places: in West Asia about 12,000 BC, in Africa about 10,000 BC, in South America and China about 8000 BC. Farmers lived in the Fertile Crescent, a region in the Middle. Hunter-gatherers who have traveled to search for food begin to gather when they found growing rains. Farmers grew crops, raised animals on nearby land. They built stronger, more permanent homes and surrounded their settlements with walls to protect themselves.
Paleontologists study fossils to determine organisms' evolution and interactions with each other and their environments. Paleontological observations have been documented as far back as the 5th century BC. They are interested in knowing the history of organic life on earth. They also discover the fossils of living animals. Paleontologists' main evidence is fossils in rocks.
Archaeologists study of human activity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.Archaeology originated in 15th and 16th century Europe with the popularity of collecting and Humanism. Archaeologists use evidence left behind by earlier civilizations to gather information about human history and prehistory. They recover and analyze artifacts that might include tools, cave paintings, building ruins, and pottery. They discover historical things.
Homo sapiens sapiens is the name given to our species if we are considered a sub-species of a larger group. This name is used by those that describe the specimen from Herto, Ethiopia as Homo sapiens. Homo sapiens, made the transition to producing food and changing our surroundings. Homo sapiens evolved in Africa. Like other early humans that were living at this time, they gathered and hunted food, and evolved behaviors that helped them respond to the challenges of survival in unstable environments.
Hunter-gatherers bands began to specialize, concentrating on hunting a smaller selection of (often larger) game and gathering a smaller selection of food. Hunter-gatherer were any person who depends primarily on wild foods for subsistence. Until about 12,000 to 11,000 years ago. Agriculture and animal domestication emerged in southwest Asia and in Mesoamerica. All peoples were hunter-gatherers.