Opps! I put my foot in the dirt, not the berries!
I got the pig now what? Should I put mud on it?
Surplus Of Food
Look, our cow is over there! I will go milk her.
We have so much food! What should we do with it?
We could sell it!
A long time ago, in the paleolithic times people roamed from place to place, the men would hunt wide animals. The women would gather berries, nuts, and seeds they found. These people were called nomads. Lots of people died, including baby, and children. This time was called the old stone age.
You are in the tree already.
I need to patch the roof, it has a hole in it.
Around 8000 BC some people learned to grow there own crops, however, it took 1000s of years for this discovery. Others learned to keep animals. This time was called new stone age. People sifted from hunter-gather to farmer. Early farmers learned to domesticate animals, they raised goats,sheep, and cattle for the meat. This change was called agriculture.
Laws For Community
Look what I got! I found this pig in a yard near my house.
So these are the laws.
When people figured out how to farm, they had a surplus of food. For the first time people had control over there food supply. They had so much food that not everyone had to farm. The Neolithic age started with the invention of agriculture.
Trading With Others
I have stone, I am looking for food.
The change from hunter-gather to farmer enabled people to stay in one place. This meant that the father could live with his family, and less people were dying. To build the houses they used mud bricks, mixed with some stone and tree branches. There are many rooms used for different things in their houses.
Can I climb the tree?
As communities grew, they became more organized, and were able to make laws for themselves. These laws would help keep the communities safe, and fair. The consequence of braking these laws were more severe, for example if you stole from someone someone would have to cut your hands of. Although the laws had consequences they kept everyone safe.
We have laws now remember? Steeling is not aloud.
Usually people trade with each other to get resources that they don't have in there own area. Over time as people got better at the jobs they were doing, they wanted different materials to improve there work. Traders were the people that found the materials, traders traveled long distances to find the materials. Trading also helped bring different places together.