Stephen Douglas wanted to organize the new territory in the west. Henry Clay presented to the senate a series of congressional measures that would help solve issues with slave states and free states.
The Sack of Lawrence
The Fugitive Slave Act was a law, that was part of the Compromise of 1850, that made escaped slaves return back to the south. This act forced northeners to return slaves.
The Pottawatomie Massacre
The Kansas- Nebraska Act allowed its residents to vote whether they should allow slavery. The area was split, making Nebraska north without slavery and Kansas south with slavery.
Violence in the Senate
Antislavery settlers founded the town of Lawrence. The pro slavery jury said Lawrences inhabitants were traitors. A proslavery posse went into Lawrence to fulfill the jurys wish. They destroyed antislavery property.
After the Sack of Lawrence incident abolitionist John Brown seeked revenge. Him and his followers took five men from their beds and to the Pottawatomie creek. There Brown stabbed and decapitated these men. This attack caused more attacks to occur and causing Bloody Kansas.
Senator Charles Sumner gave a speech called "The Crime Against Kansas" He verbally attacked colleagues because they supported slavery.