Science Elephant evolution writing
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The Woolly Mammoth roamed the earth 150,000 during the Ice Age until 1700BC when they become extinct. With curved tusks and bodies covered in fur to protect them from the bitter climate. Their scientific name is the Mammuthus Primigenius.
Over the time, they shed their fur, developing thicker skin and bigger ears with more capillaries, the African elephant evolved from the mammoth. These developments enabled it to be able to regulate their heat in a hotter climate.
The elephants use their tusks to dig for water, lift heavy materials and collecting food. They are given a great amount of power from 40 to 220 pounds per each tusk. They are generally used for defence from other elephants, lions, tigers and poachers.
Elephants are very close to extinction and are severely endangered. About 35,000 elephants are killed by poachers every year just for their tusks. There are only about 750,000 left in the world! The elephants could live without them but they are killed to lose them.
The elephant's ivory is primarily sold to China to make jewellery ornaments, added to medicine or religious purposes whilst their huge carcass is disregarded. Each tusk is sold for roughly $750, a massive profit although it is illegal.
Asian elephants have already evolved so females are born without tusks. Tusks on African elephants is also decreasing. Some say this is an evolutionary response to escape being hunted. With later reproduction, this may be the resolution of being tortured before they completely die out.
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