It was the year 1961. American Northerners and Southerners had their differences of political and moral opinions and economic stand points. These differences caused major tensions that turned into a major war, which would tear the meaning of what America stood for.
Abraham Lincoln's election was the immediate impetus for the outbreak of the Civil War. Lincoln would use his knowledge from being a lawyer and apply this to his position of commander and chief . As a result this made the Emancipation Proclamation. This proclamation didn't actually free slaves, but it became a catalyst to the thirteenth amendment and preserving the Union.
WE MUST TO ABOLISH SLAVERY IT"S UNCONSTITUTIONAL
Short Term Cause: When Republicans won the election, in 1860, they promised not to disturb slavery where it existed, but the Southerners didn't trust them. As a result, they decided to secede from the Union starting with South Carolina in December of 1860. Despite many attempts for compromise more states started to secede from the Union, creating the Confederate States of America.
Short Term Cause: The firing at Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861 brought our country straight into war. The fighting at Fort Sumter took place in just two days. Within this time period, Lincoln decided to fight back against the Confederates. Lincoln's decision immediately started the war.
Long Term Cause: The failure to compromise between the North and South from 1820 to 1860 was one of the causes for the war. Due to neither side willing to back down or give something up, the South decided to secede. Soon after that, the Civil War was in swing.
Long Term Cause: The advantage differences between the North and South were catalysts to start the war. The Union had an industrial economy, where as the Confederacy had an agricultural based economy. The Union had most of the natural resources and a well-developed railroad system. Most financial centers were up North, which made borrowing money for war difficult for Southerners. While some argue the South had better officers, the North had twice as many soldiers. In conclusion, the North had the better advantage.