Compromise of 1850

Compromise of 1850
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  • Senate January 1850
  • I, Henry Clay, propose a bill that admits California as a free state, creates territorial governments in the new lands, abolished the slave trade, but not slavery, and creates a new fugitive slave law.
  • Clay's proposed bill was deliberated on for nearly seven months. After the unexpected death of President Taylor, Vice President Millard Fillmore took over and granted acceptance to Clay’s proposal. 
  • Due to the Compromise of 1850, the blue states were designated as free and the red states were considered slave states. The map may look largely similar to that after the Missouri Compromise, but the annexation of California and the designation of the Oregon Territory as free are part of the Compromise's legacy and lasting impact.
  • The territories circled in yellow remained unorganized even after the Compromise of 1850. New Mexico and Utah, circled in red, joined the other slave states as slavery was permitted under these new lands according to the Compromise of 1850
  • By taking a closer look at how the Compromise of 1850 affected the United States map, we can see that a majority of the territory that belonged to Texas since it became a republic was lost due to the Compromise and conformed to the borders we see today. Texas was also paid a sum of $10 million to accommodate for this loss in land
  • The Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 stated that all northerners were to return any runaway slaves to the South under the penalty of law. This law led to rebellious uprising and disobedience in the North, but this law was one of the major legacies of the Compromise of 1850, along with the geographical changes it made to the map of the United States. 
  • New Mexico and Utah, which are circled in red, joined the other slave states as the Compromise of 1850 permitted slavery there.
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