Jackson and the War of 1812/Old Hickory- The War of 1812 was a great rivalry between Great Britain and America. Eventually, a treaty was signed that officially ended the war but the news of this achievement didn’t reach Jackson and the other men that fought another battle, until after the British lost. The skirmish was named the Battle of New Orleans. This battle was a great victory for America yet it was unnecessary for the treaty was signed prior to this event. Jackson was one of the people who contributed greatly to their victory. He was already somewhat known but his name spread when he defended the city during the Battle of New Orleans and became a national hero. He was nicknamed Old Hickory because of his determination and willingness to go into battle like everyone else.
Old Hickory is an inspiration.
Men we fight not for recognition but for our country. Let's go forth and make our nation proud.
Yeah! For the country!
Hasn't the war ended?
Later on, Jackson ran for president and actually won. This was an attainment to common people because it showed that people like them can have the ability to control their government, leading to an idea called Jacksonian Democracy. On March 4, 1829, Andrew Jackson’s inauguration brought over 10,000 people from all over America to Washington D.C. just to witness the event. After becoming president Jackson went to the White House, and a huge crowd tailed him almost turning the celebration into a riot.
Congratulations on your inauguration!
President Andrew Jackson view officeholders as a job position that wasn’t for a lifetime which contradicted what civil servants thought of their occupations. Jackson replaced many Republicans with loyal Democrats and rotated many other people in their job positions because he thought this way more people would have a chance to serve their government. He also believed that after a few years in office civil servant should toil like everyone else. Further along the term “spoils system” was made that described the act of rewarding political supporters with government jobs.
For being my political supporters you have earned government jobs.
In 1828, tariffs, which are taxes imposed on imported goods, were raised by a law Congress passed. The north accepted this law which expanded their industry but people in the south opposed the law finding it unbeneficial. Jackson finding that their viewpoint was somewhat coherent signed a different law in 1832 that lowered the tariffs but South Carolina went even further in their protest by claiming that they would secede if the national government tried to implement the tariff laws. The president then went to Congress and got permission to use the federal army to collect tariffs, by passing the Force Bill. Congress simultaneously lowered tariffs even more by passing a compromise bill. This ended the opposition from South Carolina.
I understood the southerners' concerns about the tariffs so I signed a new law that lowered tariffs.
It's outrageous that South Carolina threatened to secede if the national government tried to enforce the tariff laws, even after the new law was signed!
Henry Clay, one of the people who ran against Jackson got a bill signed by Congress that renewed the national bank’s charter four years early. Jackson, however, vetoed that bill because even though the Supreme Court said that the bank was constitutional the President disagreed say it was wrongful because it made the rich richer. A vast majority elected Jackson to a second term in q832 because they for the most part agreed. Instead of waiting for the charter bill to run out Jackson ordered the secretary of the treasury to remove all federal deposits from the national bank and move them to state banks, destroying the bank against the pleads of the delegations of business owners. Jackson believed this was a victory for economic democracy.
Congress in 1830, with the urging of President Jackson, passed the Indian Removal Act. This allowed the president to make treaties that allowed the American Indians in the East to trade their lands for territory on the Great Plains but it never mentioned that they should be removed by force, and Supreme Court said that the American Indians have the right to keep their lands. President Jackson disagreed with a burning passion and when groups refused to move west he made them with military force, most times ending inadequately. One example is the Sac and Fox Indians of Illinois. With the leader Black Hawk they resisted the removal and consequently, Black Hawk’s War started that had the result of slaughtered warriors and Black Hawk himself in chains. This wasn’t approved my many of Americans but their protests were ignored. During the winter a terrible and forced journey was taken by the Indian Americans to the new territory. Four thousand of them died along the way. This heinous trek was called the Trail of Tears and although Jackson thought it solved the problem with the Indians, it really just moved the conflict to a new location across the Mississippi River.
Adrew Jackson and Americans
Don't hold back men. Charge!
We will not march on like cattle, rather we'll fight for what is rightfully ours.