Rise of Stalin

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  • 21st January 1924- Vladimir Lenin dies
  • May 1924- Lenin's Testament is revealed
  • 1925- Socialism in One Country
  • Socialism in One Country
  • After suffering strokes in May and December 1922 and March 1923, a paralysed Lenin finally died in January 1924. Many Russians mourned as they saw him as the true founder of Communist Russia and hero of the revolution. Petrograd was renamed Leningrad in his honour. Josef Stalin was named as his successor  
  • 1925- Opposition from Trotsky
  • At the 13th Party Congress, Krupskaya handed over Lenin's Testament, which showed his honest opinions on main party figures. It was read out, but only under the promise of secrecy. Trotsky received a favourable review but Stalin was shown to be a dangerous individual. However Stalin was accepted as the new leader because his supporters said he was changed so the comments were no longer relevant
  • 1926- Kulak Grain Shortage
  • Stalin and Bukharin proposed a new policy called Socialism in One Country. As all other Communist revolutions in Europe had failed, Russia should look to strengthen itself internally rather than try to spread Communism. Zinoviev and Kamenev stuck to Lenin's ideas that other countries should embrace Communism, resulting in them forming a new opposition to Stalin called Duumvirate 
  • 1927- United Opposition
  • Leon Trotsky was a threat to Stalin as he was close to Lenin, had control of the Red Army and was seen as a hero of the 1917 Revolution and subsequent Civil War. In order to protect his position, Stalin removed Trotsky from government and as Head of the Red Army
  • You're fired
  • The New Economic Policy introduced by Lenin had led to a new wealthy class of peasants able to spend money. However, Russian industry did not grow quick enough to meet demands, so peasants stopped spending money. This meant they did not need to sell grain, resulting in the Kulak Grain Shortage.  
  • The Kulak Grain Shortage had led to inflation, despite a new currency being introduced three years earlier. Zinoviev, Kamenev and Trotsky allied themselves as the United Opposition to demand a change in policy. The group failed to gain significant support, meaning that they were removed from the Communist Party. This was removed the last major opposition for Stalin 
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