"You and your descendants shall be blessed with a promised land, if you worship me."
TO THE PROMISE LAND!
BEHOLD, OUR KING, DAVID
God telling the Patriarchs (Abraham, Issac, and Jacob) that if they are to worship him, their descendants will be blessed with a promised land and will live in prosperity. The Patriarchs, of course, agree to worship God. This promise is better known as the Covenant God made to the Jews.
ONWARD MEN, WE'RE TAKING THE PROMISED LAND.
A couple hundred years after God made his promise to the Patriarchs, he chose Moses to lead the Israelites to the promise land. they spent 40 years journeying through the desert. On the journey, Moses talked to God on Mount Sinai and he received the 10 commandments. Moses actually never made it to the promise land, for the last little bit of the journey, the Israelites were led by Joshua. when they got there, they had to fight many battles against people like the Babylonians.
Should we exile him, your highness?
The kingdoms of Israel and Judah were under the leadership of several kings before their enslavement time period. They Israeiltes were under leadership of Saul who had drawn mixed opinions among the people, causing division. however, King David led them through a prosperous time period, and it was continued by his son Solomon, until he started taxing people heavily to create The Great Temple. After Solomon dies, the kingdom was split once again under Rehoboam, and conquered.
The Greeks were led by a strong king, by the name of Alexander The Great. They conquered far away lands, and they were looking to expand to the middle east. At first, the Israelites lived in harmony under the Greeks, they adopted language and traditions. however a group a rebels, called the Zealots wanted freedom, but failed to bring freedom. The Greeks didn't like this attempt at freedom, so they destroyed the Jewish temples, enslaved them, and ruined any peace in the Israel and Judah.
After the Jewish indepencance, they split into 3 groups, Saducees, Pharisees, and Essenses. The Essenes withdrew themselves from society, so the Jews were governed by the Saducees and Pharisees. They did not get along, and the Romans saw this and used this time of weakness to take over. They put higher Jews in charge, like King Herod. When Herod died, his sons went into command, but they did a poor job, so the Romans put one of their own, Pontious Pilate in charge, who ruled when Jesus was born. That was how the Romans ruled.
A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE ISRAELITES BEFORE JESUS BIRTH.