The city of Pompeii was located only 5 miles away from the volcano. Pompeii was also a great spot for farming and trading because of the rich volcanic soil. Pompeii was a typical Roman city and was a great vacation destination. Between 10,000 and 20,000 people lived in the city of Pompeii.
Like any other cities in Rome Pompeii loved their entertainment! Some of these included gladiator games, plays, and musical concerts. They also had public baths and fountains but the rich had running water. When the hot summer days came the wealthy Romans would stay in Pompeii.
The amount of energy from the volcano was roughly 100,000 times the thermal energy of an atomic bomb!
The nearby city of Herculaneum was also destroyed by the volcano!
On August 24,79 AD Mount Vesuvius erupted. When the eruption happened about 1.5 million tons of ash and rock spilled out of Mount Vesuvius every second. There was a huge ash cloud that covered most of Pompeii and 20 miles above the volcano.
After the volcano erupted Pompeii was forgotten and not discovered until the 1700s. When the archaeologists began to search the city, they found many awesome things such as buildings, paintings, workshops, and houses. This was all preserved because it was buried in ash. Out of the 20,000 people who lived in Pompeii 16,000 of them died that day and little to non escaped.
The people of Pompeii had no idea the volcano would erupt!