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Vietnamization- History
Updated: 5/3/2020
Vietnamization- History
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  • Vietnamization By: Nakayla Sabella
  • On November 3, 1969, President Nixon announced his Vietnamization strategy to the American people in a nationally televised speech.
  • In this administration, we are Vietnamizing the search for peace.
  • Vietnam
  • Nixon's plan included expanded effort to train and equip South Vietnam to take over military responsibility for its own defense. The strategy would also feature programs designed to strengthen the South Vietnamese government and expand its political base in rural areas.
  • In addition to efforts to prepare and modernize the South Vietnam army, the Vietnamization plan had goals to slowly withdrawal all U.S. troops in Vietnam.
  • At the same time that the Vietnamization plan was put in place, however, the Nixon administration also escalated U.S. military activity in other parts of Southeast Asia. In April 1970, for example, the president secretly authorized bombing campaigns and a ground invasion of Cambodia, a neutral country.
  • Thailand
  • Laos
  • Cambodia
  • The president’s actions nonetheless came under harsh criticism and prompted massive anti-war demonstrations across America.
  • In January 1973, the Nixon administration negotiated a peace agreement with North Vietnamese leaders. Under the terms of the settlement, the U.S. agreed to withdraw its remaining troops within 60 days in exchange for an immediate cease-fire, the return of American prisoners of war, and North Vietnam’s promise to recognize the legitimacy of South Vietnam’s government and submit future disputes to an international commission. However, South Vietnam fell to North Vietnamese communist forces in 1975.
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