The Conquest of the Inca
By nsal4953, Updated
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Riches in Tawantinsuyo
Conquistadors in Tumbes
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Smallpox and Civil Wars
He brought 160 men and several horses that all came on only two ships. The Spanish boarded with 20 Inca crew and passengers and to their delight they saw silver and gold. They took three of the Incas on board and used them as interpreters. The Inca told Pizarro that they got their gold from a land far to the south.
To Discover and Conquer
The Inca welcomed the Spanish in and told them that they could have water and whatever else they needed as they did not feel like they would harm anyone.
Pizarro Enters Tawantinsuyo
The incubation period of smallpox is only a few days and, in no time, it swept through the army. Many of his trusted generals died; and then the Inca himself caught it. After the emperor died the empire plunged into a bloody civil war.
Encounter at Cajamarca
Pizzaro showed the king Peruvian pottery, metal vessels, fine clothing, embroideries, and small worked pieces of gold, winning "the applause of all the city of Toledo."The king and his advisers were convinced of the need to sign a deal with such experienced conquistadors as Pizarro and Almagro.
A year later, Pizarro returned to Tumbes to find it in ruins — a burned-out, ransacked victim of the civil war raging in the empire. It is, indeed, astonishing to think how small Pizarro's army was: 62 horsemen and 102 infantry, to attack an empire of at least five million.But he had deadly weapons — the latest technology: guns and mechanical crossbows.
According to the Inca account, dictated later by the King's nephew, Titu Cusi, there was an immediate failure of communication over the traditional guest rituals of Andean diplomacy: Titu Cusi said. "He offered them the customary welcome of chicha, maize beer, in gold cups. But they poured it away on the floor." Atahuallpa told the Spanish to wait for him in Cajamarca, where they would be given lodging in one of the royal enclosures facing the square. The Spanish spent a nervous night waiting for Atahuallpa and his army to meet them the next day.
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