Third Page: Spanish Armada
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It was mid-16th century when Philip II planned to invade England. Under Elizabeth's reign, England had been a place of religious toleration. Philip II had a different mindset though. He wanted the primary and only religion to be Catholicism and he planned to make this happen by any means necessary.
What will we do, your majesty? We must handle the situation before it escalates. What if we raid them to gain time?
In 1587, the English knew an invasion would occur. Queen Elizabeth allowed Sir Francis Drake to do a surprise attack against the Spanish port in Cadiz. The English destroyed 30 vessels and most of the supplies of the Armada. This gave the English a year to prepare for an invasion.
Before the invasion of the Spanish Armada though, Philip II had proposed marriage to Elizabeth. Elizabeth had rejected Philip's proposal. Some say that this deteriorated relations between Spain and England. The fault most likely landed on Elizabeth's shoulder for making an "irrational" decision.
On the day the Spanish had invaded, the English had been warned through a system that had been used centuries before, through signal beacons. On July 30th, the Spanish fleet had been sighted and the beacons were quickly lighted, calling England to arms.
Sir Francis Drake and Lord Howard packed 8 vessels with timber and pitch. On August 8th they set fire to them and sent them drifting towards the Spanish Armada. These fireships had broken the formation of the Spanish Armada and it's defensive line. This had lead to the English's victory at the Battle of the Gravelines
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