1603 Queen Elizabeth Tudor dies without a heir to the throne. Her cousin James becomes kings and the Stuart Dynasty begins. King James I, as well as his son King Charles I believes in "Divine Right of Kings" and did not have to work with Parliament.
Political and religious conflicts between King Charles I and Parliament lead to the civil war. King Charles I is defeated by the New Model Army lead by Oliver Cornwell. Cornwell abolishes the monarchy, sets up a military dictatorship and rules until his death.
The army brings back the monarchy and Charles II becomes King. Parliament keeps its power and governs with the monarchy. Parliament strengthens the Church of England and passes laws against Catholics and Puritans.
King Charles II dies leaving no heir. In 1685 James II, a Catholic, becomes King. Parliament becomes worried about a Catholic monarchy when their son is born.
William of Orange is encouraged to invade the county and become ruler. King James II realizes he does not have England's support and flees the country. The revolution is won with little to no bloodshed.
Parliament offers William and Mary the throne. In 1689 the accept the offer along with a Bill of Rights, laying the foundation for a limited or constitutional monarchy.