Thomas Hobbes

Thomas Hobbes

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  • FUN FACT: His childhood is almost completely unknown, as well as his mother's name.
  • Thomas Hobbes was a politcal philosopher, whom was born in England in 1588 and died in 1679. 
  • Thomas Hobbes was a well educated man and a tutor. He was a mathematical instructor to young Charles, Prince of Wales.
  • Hobbes wrote the Leviathan, which established the social contract theory that has served as the foundation for most later Western political philosophy.
  • He viewed government primarily as a device for ensuring collective security. 
  • Hobbes also believed humans, at the core, are selfish creatures. Because of this, he believed the only form of government strong enough to hold humanity's cruel impulses in check was absolute monarchy.
  • Hobbes challenged the relationship between religion, science, and the natural limitations of political power.
  • He believed women were equal status to men.
  • The Founding Father's were greatly influenced by Thomas Hobbes in establishing America's first principles, most notably the recognition of unalienable rights.
  • He defended materialism, the view that only material things are real.
  • Hobbes's idea of sovereign does not apply to today's society in the U.S. He believed that a state must be under the control of a sovereign in order to ensure peace for the people. Which is essentially somewhat true for the USA, but Hobbes was referring to a monarch or dictator. However, if we expand past the traditional definition, his philosophy can be relatable to the United States.
  • Thomas Hobbes' philosophy is used in the USA in the sense of the government.
  • Would it work today?
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