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Transcription: The process of copying a DNA strand into an RNA strand, after it is made, the RNA strand leaves the cell nucleus and heads to a Ribosome to be turned into protein. Protein is essentially what all organisms are made of, protein is needed to control everything that goes on inside of an organism. If a mistake is made during the process of Transcription such as mismatched nitrogenous base pairs in the DNA and RNA strands can result in a genetic disorder or cancer for that organism.
DNA is a double stranded molecule containing the genes of an organism inside a cell's nucleus.
A gene is a section of a DNA strand that codes for a specific protein. In order for a gene to be used to make a protein, it has to be copied into an RNA strand.
RNA is a single stranded molecule that serves as a copy for a DNA strand allowing it to leave the nucleus. RNA is made up of Ribonucleic acid and instead of Thymine, RNA has Uracil as one of it's nitrogenous bases.
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