erkson and piaget

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  • "Hello, class! Today we will be learning the basics of both Piaget's studies of Cognitive Development and Erickson's theories of Psychological Development. Starting off with Piaget, he had 4 stages in his theory; the Sensorimotor, which occurs from birth to age two, the Preoperational, which occurs from two to six or seven, next, the Concrete Operational stage occurs from seven to eleven, finally, the Formal Operational stage occurs at age eleven and continues on through the rest of your life, if you get there that is."
  • Psychology 101 Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development and Erikson's Theory of Psychological Development
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  • "The Sensorimotor phase is marked by reflexive actions that require little thought. Object permanence has yet to develop. Once the Preoperational phase arrives, mental representations are formed, this means a baby is able to look for a piece of food they may have dropped. During this stage, animalistic thinking, irreversibility, and centration are present."
  • Psychology 101 Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development and Erikson's Theory of Psychological Development
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  • The Concrete Operational stage involves understanding the concept of conservation, so when a bottle of soda is poured into different cups, it's known that more soda didn't appear, it's just distributed. The ability to perform mental operations develops at this stage, as well. The final stage of Piaget's theory, the Formal Operational phase, is when the individual is able to have abstract thoughts."
  • Psychology 101 Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development and Erikson's Theory of Psychological Development
  • "Moving onto Erikson's studies for psychological development. He came up with eight different stages marked by specific feelings and traits that are developed as the individual ages. The first stage occurs from birth to one-and-a-half years of age. It is titled as trust vs. mistrust, where the individual develops a reliance on outside sources. A lack of attention to the child could have a lasting negative effect. The next stage, autonomy vs. self doubt, occurs between one and a half years old and three. If too much negative pressure is placed on the individual, it could result in a lack of confidence. The third stage, Initiative vs. guilt, happens up to age six. The desire for freedom is learned, but if an excess of negativity is appearent, then the need for it disappears."
  • Psychology 101 Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development and Erikson's Theory of Psychological Development
  • "From six years old up to puberty, the individual experiences the competence vs. inferiority stage. They learn how to act in more complex social situations, but if there is a failure to have positive experiences, the individual can face a lack of confidence. During Adolescence, there is the identity vs. role confusion stage. Finding comfort and acceptance for oneself occurs, but if the person has a lack of confidence, it could be harder to develop a clear vision of oneself. "
  • Psychology 101 Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development and Erikson's Theory of Psychological Development
  • When early adulthood arrives, the individual goes through an intimacy vs. isolation phase. It is during this stage that the person gets used to having someone around and making a commitment with them. If things go wrong, the person can have feelings of lonliness and deny their needs. During middle adulthood, the generativity vs. stagnation stage occurs. The individual's focus shifts to focus on whats around them, as opposed to themselves. The person can develop unhealthy self-indulgent habits. In the final stage of Erikson's theories, ego-integrity competes with despair. As the individual is now in late adulthood, they develop feelings of satisfaction for their life and they feel complete, unless they are disappointed with how things turned out. That is all I have time for today, class dismissed!"
  • Psychology 101 Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development and Erikson's Theory of Psychological Development
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