The Causes of the American Revolution

The Causes of the American Revolution

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  • England felt they needed to protect the colonists from further attack, so they made the Proclamation of 1763. 10,000 troops were sent to make sure the settlers wouldn't pass the line.
  • After the French and Indian war, the 13 Colonies gained the Ohio River Valley. However, many Native Americans still lived in the area. This caused many attacks on the colonists. 
  • This enraged settlers. The King a whole sea away can send as many troops as he feels necessary. It will not matter. The colonists tend to ignore the law and move west anyway. They did not like their freedom being ripped from them.
  • We can not just stay put. We came here to discover, we can't do this with boundaries. 
  • This is TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION, we worked hard in this war too. Do not punish us for your mistakes in spending and feuding. We should have a say, this is unfair!
  • The French and Indian war left Parliament, the British government, in debt. They had made the executive decision to raise the taxes on many things. The most famous being the Sugar, Stamp, Townshend, and Tea Acts.
  • HURRY!
  • With much disagreement with the acts, Parliament decided to repeal the taxes. All but the tax on tea. The Tea Act of 1773 creates a monopoly. This act hurt the colonists  business for they were no longer allowed to sell tea. In revolt, They dressed as Native Americans and dumped 342 crates of tea in the Boston Harbor.
  • In result of the Boston Tea Party the King and Parliament punished the colonists in four ways. One way was the Port of Boston was closed until all the tea was repaid. The second way was citizens could no longer hold town meetings without the governor who worked for the king. The third way was that all officials and customs officers who broke the law had to go to court in Britain. Finally all citizens of Massachusetts had to house soldiers if no housing was available. These were called the Intolerable Acts.
  • You can't just come in!
  • I can and I will, King's orders.
  • How long is he staying?
  • In September of 1774 12 representatives from the colonies gathered in one place and this was called the FIRST CONTINENTAL CONGRESS. They discussed many topics, mainly on the issues in Massachusetts. It was then decided then to set up militias and to boycott British goods.  
  • This soon led up to the battle of Lexington and Concord. The first shot fired is known as the shot heard throughout the world. It was the first in many though as more fights broke out.  The Second Continental Congress began after this. They needed to take action. The Declaration of Independence was made and signed soon after. These were the causes of The American Revolution.
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