America gained a great position in Hawaii through the sugar industry. America's government managed to establish good terms with the sugar growers in Hawaii. This caused America's profiting to majorly increase.
Congress approved the MCKINLEY TARIFF, raising import rates on foreign sugar. Hawaiian sugar planters were now being undersold in the American market, as a result, a depression swept the islands. The sugar growers knew that if Hawaii were to be ANNEXED by the United States, the tariff problem would naturally disappear. Queen Liliuokalani was also passed to the throne.
The planters staged an uprising to overthrow the Queen. At the same time, they appealed to the United States armed forces for protection. Without Presidential approval, marines stormed the islands, and the American minister to the islands raised the stars and stripes in HONOLULU.
The matter was prolonged until after Cleveland left office. When war broke out with Spain in 1898, the military significance of Hawaiian naval bases as a way station to the SPANISH PHILIPPINES outweighed all other considerations. President William McKinley signed a joint resolution annexing the islands, much like the manner in which Texas joined the Union in 1845.