Scribes wrote in hieroglyphics for people who couldn't write and edited existing writing. They were 1 of the only few people that could read hieroglyphics.
They had to go to school for 12 years but had to go to Scribe school for 4-5 years. There they would learn to read and write hieroglyphics.
Scribes wrote on pyramids, obelisks, coffins, tombs, sarcophagi, statues,wall of their homes, and papyrus scroll.
They used a pen made out a reed stem, that was about 9" long and thin. They used red and black ink. Red ink was made by mixing red oxide, a kind of gum that has that coloring. Most writing was written in black ink except for titles, headings, or magical words.
When the Greeks took over Egypt, they learned to write in hieroglyphics.
There were also Medical Scribes. They would collect the data of the patient for the physician.