United States Government: Unit 1 Project

United States Government: Unit 1 Project

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  • After America defeated Britain in the American Revolution (ended 1783)
  • It was realized that the country would need a good central government.
  • In 1786, Alexander Hamilton organized a constitutional convention on the matter.
  • All 13 states were invited to the closed event to discuss the matter
  • It was known as The Confederation Congress, in February of 1787.
  • During the confederation congress, many things were heavily debated.
  • The first of these was on how the government should be organized.
  • They eventually came to three branches, each with its own checks and balances, along with specific responsibilities
  • One of the other topics was representation. Some states had higher populations, which was viewed as unfair to the smaller states. However, that view appeared unfair to larger states as well.
  • Proportional representation in House of Representatives
  • It was solved by the Connecticut Compromise, which made a bicameral legislature
  • Equal representation in the Senate
  • This was resolved in February 1788, in which a document was made to protect these rights. It was known as "The Bill of Rights", which is also known as the first 10 amendments.
  • Five states eagerly approved, although the others were reluctant.
  • By September 1787, the consitution was completed and only needed to be ratified. "The Federalist Papers", a series of essays, were to show how the new government would function.
  • It was opposed because it lacked protection of basic rights, such as freedom of speech, press and religion.
  • With Rhode Island being the final vote, the constitution was finally ratified on May 29th, 1790.
  • To date, there are 27 total amendments.
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