Anna's parent had noticed that Anna had been showing signs of fatigue, dehydration, and frequent urination. started to worry so she took Anna to a Primary Care Physician. They were able to help Anna find out exactly what was wrong with her and what kind of specialist she can go to help her with her condition. Anna was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. This meant that the beta cells in her pancreas could not make insulin. Therefore, her blood had a lot of glucose which was causing water from her cells to leave the cell causing dehydration and urination. Also, because the glucose was not able to enter the cells, the cells were not getting enough energy, which would explain the fatigue.
Anna was born. She was diagnosed with sickle cell anemia which means she will experience fatigue and pain in her extremities due to oxygen not getting around quickly enough for her cells. Sickle cell anemia causes red blood cells to have an odd shape which does not allow easy blood flow leading to swollen blood vessels.
Anna's parent took baby Anna to a hematologist who would be able to determine her sickle cell anemia. The hematologist informed the parents the different types of difficulties that Anna would face and also what causes sickle cell anemia. The Hematologists suggested that after some time, Anna can either get a blood transfusion or a bone marrow transplant in order to help with her sickle cell anemia.
Mr. and Mrs. Lopez were planning on having another baby later on in the future. They did not want to risk their future baby having to deal with sickle cell anemia so they decided to make a visit to a geneticist. The geneticist will be able to determine whether or not the new baby will have a risk for having sickle cell anemia. The geneticist revealed that the new will baby will have a 50% chance of having sickle cell so the Lopez’s decided on not having another baby.
The Primary Care Physicians suggested that she make an appointment with a Certified Diabetic Educator. They will be able to provide Anna with the proper information regarding her lifestyle choices now that she was diagnosed diabetic. The Certified Diabetic Educators made a call to a Dietician, who are experts in diets and healthy eating choices, to talk to Anna regarding her diet because of her diabetes.
The Certified Diabetic Educators suggested that they take Anna to an endocrinologist. Anna has type 1 diabetes which means that her beta cells cannot secrete insulin which is a hormone. The endocrinologist will be able to help Anna with her insulin deprivation. This way her cells will be able to get the glucose from the blood flow.