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Grandma, will you explain the affects of World War I to me? We are learning about it in school and I'm confused.
Sure, The main causes were Militarism, Nationalism, Alliances, Imperialism, the Powderkeg, and The Spark. Imperialism is a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force. Countries competed for a lot of different things, a main thing being land. This caused the countries to start losing trust in each other and forming rivalries.
Another main cause was Militarism. Militarism is the belief or desire of a government or people that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests. All of the great powers in Europe started to realize that they needed to form strong military powers. So, by 1914 all of these powers, except Britain, had large standing armies. This made the citizens have faith in their country, but it also worried some people.
A major cause of the war was Nationalism. Nationalism is patriotic feeling, principles, or efforts. In WWI some people believed a lot in their countries and some people didn’t. There was a great rivalry between some of Europe’s great powers. This caused some people to demand for independence and some lost faith in their countries.
Another thing that played a big role in causing World War I was alliances. An alliance is when a union or association formed for mutual benefit, especially between countries or organizations. The two main alliances during WWI were the triple alliance and the triple entente. The countries in one alliance helped each other and the other alliance helped each other to fight against each other. This helped form trust between some countries and rivalries between others.
The Powderkeg was an important event that caused World War I. The Powderkeg was when the Ottoman Empire declined the “sick man of Europe” in WW1. Some groups broke away to make countries such as Serbia, Greece, and Bulgaria. Tensions started to grow between Austria-Hungary and Serbia. This was because Serbia wanted slavic state and Austria-Hungary wanted to crush Serbian efforts.
Another major event that caused World War I was The Spark. The Spark is when Archduke Franz Ferdinand, who was the heir to Austro-Hungarian Throne, was assassinated. On June 28, 1914, Franz Ferdinand visited Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia. He was shot by Gavrilo Princip, a 19 year old Serbian Nationalist. He was also a member of the Black Hand extremist group in Bosnia.
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