The society believed in the church's teachings. One of the information that the church provided to the people in the society was that the Earth was in the centre of the Universe but not the Sun. However, the church did not have accurate information to confirm that the information they are telling people are true.
Johannes Kepler and his Discoveries
Planets orbit the Sun in elliptical!!!
Nicolaus Copernicus believed the opposite of the church. He believed that the Sun was in the centre of the universe. Nicolaus Copernicus researched and studied his theory for years until one day his theory was proved that it was true. His theory was called the Heliocentric Theory.
Changes in Perspective
After people started knowing about the Heliocentric theory, they started to believe the scientists more than the church because they had more accurate information. There are also other scientists that the society believed that had accurate information. for examaple:Galileo Galilei, Sir Francis Bacon and others.
In the end...
We have all the power now!!!
The church and science did not agree with each other on a lot of things. A few years later after Nicolaus Copernicus discovered the heliocentric theory, one of the scientists that joined in was Johannes Kepler. He calculated that the planets orbit the Sun in elliptical, not circular pattern. This was against the religious symbolism since circles are seen as a sign of perfection.
Johannes Kepler was also one of the scientists that changed people's thoughts about science. The society believed in the church's teachings but when Johannes Kepler discovered that the planets orbited the Sun people also started to believe more in scientists since they have more accurate and evidence for the things they discovered
In the end, the church feared reason as an enemy of faith, but eventually they began to embrace some of the achievements that the Scientific Revolution made. While the church opposed the views of many scientists, it also has benefited from new discoveries that made Renaissance art and architecture possible.