In the 1800's, farming was the way of life in the South while numerous factories were built in the North. Northerners wanted to sell their goods to the North, but the South found it cheaper to purchase goods from Europe. President Andrew Jackson put a tariff on imported goods to help Northern businesses.
Its brilliant! The north will make more money and the U.S. will make money too!
The Southerners got mad at the tariff and opposed it. South Carolina invoked the doctrine of of nullification 1832, saying that the tariff was not valid in the state and threatened to withdraw from from the Union. To avoid this, congress lowered the tariff in 1833. Southerners felt they should have more state rights and should have final authority and not the national government.
No! They can't put a tax on European goods! We need cheaper supplies! What about state rights!
we are putting a tax on European goods
Lets invoke a doctrine of nullification saying the tariff is invalid in the state and we will separate from the Union unless they stop the tax
I wish we were free.
Slavery was very big in the south because of agriculture but not in the north because of the many factories. The need for slaves got even greater when the cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney.
The Missouri compromise happened when the slave state of Missouri applied for statehood, but the U.S. was mad so they made Maine a free state.