This Compromise will upset the balance of the country!
Agreed. This to me seems like it is OK for slavery to spread
Northern Free States: Beliefs about Congressional Power?
We definitely have the authority to stop slavery in the states!
Northern Free States: Fears about the Compromise?
I do not approve of another slave state in the Union. The South will make slavery spread farther and even faster.
The Northerners opposed the Compromise because it upset the balance of the between the free and slave states, suggested that it was OK for slavery to expand West and abolitionist sentiments started growing in the North.
Southern Slave States: Why did they support it?
I am in full support. It balances out the representation and of course, expanding West would be perfect.
Unlike the Southerners, people in the North believed that Congress had the power to prohibit slavery and any new states that became a part of the United States.
Southern Slave States: Beliefs about States' Rights?
I feel that only the state government has any power over slavery. The federal government can't do anything.
I fear that if we become outnumbered, we'll lack the power to get what we want.
Northerners were afraid that the South would control the Senate and legalize slavery new states. Because of this fear, Northerners refused Missouri's admittance into the country as a slave state.
Southern Slave States: Fears about the Compromise?
Yes and if California, Utah, and New Mexico come in as free states, we'll be totally outnumbered.
Southerners supported the Compromise because it preserved balance in Congress and the South knew that an expansion West would be helpful.
Southerners believed that only state government could control slavery. The believed that no territorial or federal government had the authority to ban or regulate slavery in any way.
The South feared that if they became outnumbered in Congressional representation, they would lack the power to protect their interests in property and trade. They were also afraid that if California was admitted as a free state, New Mexico and Utah would want to do the same, which would outnumber the amount of slave states in the union.