By:Preston Beard Total Casualties: 22,717 Union Losses: 12,401 Confederate Losses: 10,316
General George McClellan
General Robert E. Lee
The Battle of Antietam occurred on September 22, 1862 near Antietam creek. It was a fight between the Confederate army of General Robert E. Lee and the Union army of General George McClellan. The Battle of Antietam was only a 12 hour battle, but it brought up 22,720 casualties in the 12 hours. The battle of Antietam is still one of the worst one day battles in history.
There were two important leaders in The Battle of Antietam. One of these two was Robert E. Lee. Robert E. Lee went to West Point in 1825 and graduated second in his class. The other important general was General George McClellan. George McClellan also attended West Point in 1842. George McClellan graduated from West Point in 1846 and he was second in his class.
There are many reasons why The Battle of Antietam started. One of the important one is that General Robert E. Lee wanted to keep moving north because he was still confident from the win at Bull Run. Lee also wanted to have some of the countries in Europe, like England and France to help the confederates. One big thing that cause the Battle of Antietam was the Special Order 191. This order was only to be handed out and read by generals in the Confederacy, but one got dropped by accident and was found by Union soldiers.
On September 16, 1862 General Robert E. Lee and General George McClellan met at what would be one of the bloodiest battles in history. On September 17, 1862, the first shots were fired by General Joseph Hooker from the left side of the Confederate army. When the Confederate army was reinforced and ready for battle, they would gain some land, then get pushed back, this went on for a while. Both of the generals were battling along a road that was separating two farms, this is now known as the Bloody Lane. More men died at the Bloody Lane and Antietam than any other battle during the Civil War.
This battle was located in Maryland by Antietam Creek and a town called Sharpsburg. The battle was called the battle of Antietam by the Union. For the Confederates the battle was called the battle of Sharpsburg. The battles main spots were Dunker Church, The Bloody Lane, The Miller Cornfield, and the bridge where the guy handed out rum.
The Battle of Antietam ended with an Union victory. This victory came from battling it out with the Confederates, but the Lee started to retreat to the Potomac River, giving the Union a win, but McClellan did not attack the retreating troops. This battle changed the course of the war. Now the war was in favor of the Union, and this battle started so the confederates could show Britain that they were good so they would join them in the war, but the loss made Britain think twice before joining the Confederates. This win also helped Lincoln issue the Emancipation Proclamation.