Those racist Southerners! California should just be a free state
Those Northerners don't know the importance slaves have! We treat them just fine! AY you over there, NO DINNER TONIGHT
My name is Henry Clay and I propose a compromise!
The North wanted California to be admitted as a slave-free state. Sectionalism impacted this becasue the North wanted a majority, which divided them from the South. Additionally, personal liberty laws passed in the North didn't force people to return escaped slaves back to their owners. This upset the South.
What are you doing here? Where is your master? I have to return you.
As California applied for statehood as a free state, the South was afraid that the North would gain a majority in the government. Additionally, the North refusing to comply with the Fugitive Slave law and wanting to abolish slavery in D.C. was upsetting.
Whatever! Those Southerners can suffer. I believe in free soil!
Henry Clay proposed a Compromise. This entailed that California be admitted as a free state, territory gained from the Mexican War have no restriction on slavery, the ending of the slave trade, the allowing of slavery in D.C., and a stricter fugitive slave law.
The Compromise of 1850 entailed that there be a Fugitive Slave Law of 1850. This required everyone to return escaped slaves back to their owners. It was enforced all of the US.
However, there was a Northern defiance of the Fugitive Slave Act which greatly angered the South. To the South, it flt that one of the wins from the Compromise was just being ignored.