Growth of Royal Power in England - Quanisha

Growth of Royal Power in England - Quanisha

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  • William the Conqueror
  • Take the domesday census
  • Henry II
  • Let's gather the jury
  • John
  • Magna Carta
  • Sign the Magna Carta
  • On Christmas Day 1066, William took the crown of England after defeating another person who also wanted power at the Battle of Hastings. He had the Domesday census taken to learn about his kingdom. This helped William and future kings build a successful system of collecting taxes, which would help them build their kingdom.
  • Edward l
  • King Henry II inherited the throne in 1154, he was well educated and energetic. He expanded the system of royal justice. He established the early jury system, and laid a basis for common law. In his efforts to expand royal law led to a bitter dispute with the Church. Henry held the right to try clergy in royal courts. But he eased his attempts to regulate clergy to make peace with the Church.
  • Hugh Capet
  • The throne is now hereditary
  • Henry's son John was a clever, cruel, and untrustworthy ruler. He faced powerful enemies who are, King Phillip ll of France, Pope Innocent lll, and his own English nobles. He lost his struggles with each. John gave his own nobles oppressive taxes and abused his power against them. In 1215 a group of barons cornered John and forced him to sign the Magna Carta. It consisted of a long list of feudal right and clauses recognizing legal rights of townspeople.
  • Phillip Augustus
  • In 1295 Edward I summoned Parliament to accept money for his wars in France. The parliament later became known as the Model Parliament because it set up the framework for England's legislature. With time the Parliament developed into a two-house body, which were the House of Lords with nobles and high clergy, and the House of Commons with knights and middle-class citizens.
  • Bring the parliament
  • In 987 feudal nobles elected Hugh Capet the count of Paris to fill the unoccupied throne. They most likely chose hime because he was too weak to go against them. Hugh increased royal power, for example he mad the throne hereditary. The Capetians built an effective bureaucracy, government officials collected taxes and imposed royal law over the king's domain.
  • Phillip Augustus was an outstanding French king, he was a bald red-faced man who ate and drank too much. He strengthened the royal government in various ways. He use paid middle-class officials who would owe their loyalty the him. He granted charters to many new towns, organized a standing army, and introduced a new national tax. He also quadrupled royal land holdings
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