Hunting and Gathering Societies depend primarily on their immediate resources. These include mostly hunting animals, fishing, gathering plants, and using fresh water sources for their water supply. These groups of people were mostly nomadic, meaning they moved frequently to have enough resources to sustain their whole group. There was a division of labor between the men and the women and these groups were also very tribal.
Pastoral Societies domesticate animals for food and transportation. These types of societies exist primarily in areas where horticulture and manufacturing are not very good options for income. These types of societies are able to store food for an extended amount of time. This allows these types of societies to stay in one place for long periods of time.
Horticultural Societies rely on farming the land for plants, fruits, and vegetables. These societies had to be somewhat nomadic because constant plating will eventually deplete the land of all nutrients. Therefore, these groups had to move around to find fresh soil to plant the entire groups food supply.
Agricultural Societies mostly relied farming crops, such as wheat, rice, and corn, over a large area. Farming such large areas meant a greater surplus of food. This meant that these types of societies were able to support a large number or people over a long time. In these societies women were subordinate to men. These societies also used warriors for protection.
Feudal Societies were based on the ownership of land. Lords were exploiting peasants to work their land in exchange for food, crops, crafts, and many other things. This society was multi generational. Feudalism eventually lead to Capitalism which is open competition in a free market.
Industrial and Post-Industrial Societies are those that don't depend nearly as much on farming as manufacturing. They focus on the advancement of technology and selling services. These focus on the welfare of all the members of society.