Charles 1 wanted to petition for power because Parliament tried to limit the kings power. By limiting the kings power the king would be limited to taxing, imprisoning citizens, quarter troops, and Martial Law.
Home sweet home, i'm finally the King!
The Civil War starts between the Cavaliers and Roundheads. This was supporters of the king vs. supporters of Parliament.
Oliver Cromwell, who was on Parliaments side, beheaded King Charles, he was the first monarch to lose head in public. Abolished monarchy and set up commonwealth.
The son of Charles is made king, he did not threaten Parliaments authority. Parliament strengthened Church of England. James 2 (Charles's brother) takes over as King.
After James 2 fled to France, William and Mary accept offer to throne. Monarchy and Parliament ruled together and destroyed theory Divine Rights of Kings.
Bill of Rights- laid foundation for constitutional monarchy. The ruler can only pass a law or tax if the rest of his people agree to it. Creates the separation of power, and also enhances the freedom of speech.