The US declared independence from England creating its own sovereign land, enacting a different system in which the powers of the three branches of government (Legislative, Judicial, and Executive) are held separate. Also known as Separation of Powers.
May 29, 1787- July 16, 1787
The Articles of Confederation was the first official document for the American people to follow. It was written but not ratified till May 27, 1787. There were three branches placed in the articles, to prevent absolute power, however it's central government was weak and gave the states more power which caused future problems.
Delegates from all states attended the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia State House to fix the mistakes made in the confederation and provide solutions. A select few proposals were chosen and ratified to create the U.S. Constitution.
In the Constitutional Convention, three major plans were proposed, but one satisfied everybody's likings.. There was the New Jersey plan, Virginia plan, and the Connecticut Compromise. The Connecticut Compromise deemed both Virginia/New Jersey Plan by establishing a bicameral legislature, dividing the House of Representatives by population and granting equal votes per state. The Three-Fifths compromise held slaves as 3/5 of a person towards population.
The Constitution constructed federal law to be more powerful than the state law. Federalists believed in having a stronger government. However, Anti-Federalists believed that the central government of the U.S. should be weaker, this was because they were scared the government would abuse their power. Since they were in fear of the government turning into a British-like rule, they urged for Bill of Rights.
The Bill of rights helped generate protection for U.S. citizens from a powerful and intrusive government. This was because the Constitution did not protect any human rights and that needed to be documented for the comfort of the Anti-Fedaralists.