The battle of Antietam occurred near Sharpsburg, Maryland. This battle had around 22,700 casualties. Although there was no victory.
This is the firing at Fort Sumter. This marked the beginning of the civil war. Although there weren't any casualties it was a major loss for the union. The Union surrendered to the Confederacy, giving the Confederacy the first win of the civil war.
The siege of Vicksburg occured on May 18 - July 4, 1863. The union needed to take control of Vicksburg in order to cut off the Confederacy. This battle had around 19,000 casualties. The Confederacy was forced to surrender.
The battle of Gettysburg happened near the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. There were approximately 51,000 casualties. This battle took over three days. On the second day there were many, many lives lost. The union came out and won.
General Robert E Lee surrendered to the Union forces in the town if Appomattox courthouse in central Virginia.
The Gettysburg address was given by President Abraham Lincoln. He believed in that all mean should be treated equally. He also wanted to restore peace and keep the nation united. Lincoln also added that individuals should be free from government oppression.