Romulus and Remus were two brothers who were raised by wolves. When they grew up they built a new city. Romulus wanted it to be called Rome, and Remus wanted it to be called Rem. Since Romulus killed Remus, the city was called Rome.
Look who's laughing now!
The common people of Rome were called the plebeians, and the rich, who resembled the aristocrats of Greece, were called patricians. The Assembly represented the citizens of Rome and the Senate was made up of the heads of the patrician families. Some plebs became more rich and powerful than the patricians, which brought turmoil to Rome.
The Early Roman Empire
Rome formed the Latin League which turned into an empire. The wars against Carthage were called the Punic wars, in which the nine year old king, Hannibal, tried to defeat Rome with war elephants. As Rome grew in wealth and power, the Republic began to crumble.
Caesar Augustus and the Pax Romana
These new roads are great!
Julius Caesar was an aristocrat who was a champion of the poor. He conquered many places for the Roman empire, and had declared himself dictator for life. He turned the Senate into a political joke and in return, they stabbed him to death. The death of Julius Caesar caused the remains of the old republic to be lost forever.
Ha Ha Ha!
Antony and Octavian split the Roman Empire into two parts. Antony fell in love with Cleopatra and gave land to Egypt, but Octavian found out. Antony and Cleopatra fled back to Egypt and committed suicide then Octavian captured Egypt and became the only ruler of Rome. Octavian then became Caesar Augustus.
Under Caesar Augustus' rule, Rome's roads were improved, taxes were made fair, and the Pax Romana, two-hundred years of peace, began. It was the perfect time to send Jesus as there were good roads to travel on, most of the known world was under one government, there were two main languages, and people had forgotten the Roman gods and longed for truth.