I've got a great idea for a bill that should be passed. I think college should be free for everyone! (hypothetical)
First I need to contact my local members of Congress. I will email Richard Burr who will hopefully accept and introduce the bill in Congress.
I propose and introduce a bill from one of our fellow citizens. This bill proposes that all college tuition should be free.
The bill is assigned to a committee (e.g. education). The main committee may then be signed to a subcommittee. The bill passes out of subcommittee and committee hearings if it is approved by a majority
The bill is sent to the House or Senate, debated, and voted upon. It may be approved by a majority vote or denied.
House of Representatives
If the bill is passed to the Senate it can be debated, filibustered (tactic used to delay or stop a bill by making long floor debates and speeches. It can also be passed on.
If passed on to the House of Representatives it can be debated, pigeonholed (ignore or set aside w/o considering it). It can also be passed on.