Filippo Brunelleschi was born in 1337 in a family of civil servants in Florence. Young Filippo trained to become a goldsmith.
In 1401, Brunelleschi competed with 6 other artists to make a gilded bronze panel for the Florence Baptistery. Brunelleschi lost and his rival, Ghiberti won.
Using the knowledge that he gained by studying the ruins, he attempted to create the dome for the Cathedral of Florence. He created the largest dome of his time without any arches or supports. It was an architectural feat and made him famous!
Florence at the time of the birth of Brunelleschi was the center of the Renaissance. There were new buildings being made, and the Medici family was in power.
After this shocking loss, Brunelleschi went to Rome for 2 years (1402-1404) an attempt to learn how the buildings in ancient Rome were made. After studying the ruins, he went back to Florence.
Filippo Brunelleschi died April 14th, 1446 in Florence Italy. His buildings, which included light construction which looked magnificent developed him and showed that he got influenced by the "humanism" movement. His greatest accomplishment the Duomo was a perfect example of this. He died as one of the most influential Renaissance artists.