Hi, I'm Princess Maley and this is my solid gold necklace. I hope no one steals it.
Oh no Evil Queen Addie is going to melt my solid gold necklace in that 1064 degree celsius bowl!
Oh no! Now my solid gold necklace is a liquid
Solids, like this gold necklace, have a definite shape and volume. The particles are packed tight and they cannot overlap each other. They vibrate but its so fast that we cannot see it.
Oh no! Now she is pouring my liquid gold in the fire. This will make it a gas
1064 degrees celsius is the melting point for gold. This will make it a liquid.
There goes my gold gas!
To make a solid a liquid, you have to melt it. The liquid gold still has the same chemical properties but different physical properties from the solid gold. It has a definite volume and an indefinite shape. The particles are packed tight, but they can overlap each other
The fire which is 2700 degrees celsius will vaporize the liquid into a gas.
The transition from a liquid to a gas is called vaporization. The gas has a lot more energy than the liquid and a solid so its particles are farther apart and they move more freely. The gas has both an indefinite shape and volume.
This shows the phase change to each state of matter.