MACROMOLECULES There are four subtypes including carbohydrates....
By: Sanae Burroughs
Lipids, Nucleic acids, and proteins!
Carbohydrates consist of CHO in a 1:2:1 ratio; and the building blocks of then are amino acids. They can be found in a variety of starches and sugars (glucose) that are found in the foods we eat. They are responsible for our short term energy, fight diseases, transports materials in and out of the cell and help aid in skin structure.
Lipids are made of CHO. Lipids are responsible for water-proofing, and make steroids(cholesterol), hormones; growth and development. They also provide aid in making the cell membrane. These macromolecules have a hydrophobic tail, repealing water and a hydrophillic head, mixing with water. They are a source of insulation and can be found in waxes and living animals. There are two types saturate which has singale bonds and unsaturated which has double bonds.
Proteins ar made of CHON. The function of proteins is to provide long-term energy which comes with: enzymes, hormones,and anti bodies. The polymers are polypeptides, protein, and amino acid sequence. The monomers are amino acids.
Nucleic Acids contain the element CHONP. The monomers are nucleiotides. The function of the Nucleic Acid is to store genetic information. DNA is double stranded; deoxyribonucleic acid unlike its counter part RNA; ribonucleic acid.