Supreme Court case-Rawnaq Albathigi
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I'm really sorry, I take responsibility for my action and I won't do it again. Here is my purse, you can check it.
You can't smoke in here! Give me your bag, I want the cigarettes!
YOU'RE NOT CHECKING MY PURSE!!!
THAT IS ILLEGAL!! You can't check my purse without my consent
Fine! I admit it, I did smoke...
T.L.O and another girl were caught smoking in their school's bathroom by their vice principal. The other girl admitted to her actions unlike T.L.O.
Your case does NOT violate the Fourth Amendment
She was caught by one of her school officials. Hence, he wanted to check her bag. She refused to give it to him. He took it anyway and found evidence of her smoking and selling marijuana.
T.L.O's mother took her to a police station where she confessed to the police about selling marijuana but she wanted the evidence to be concealed because it violated the Fourth Amendment.
After losing both the juvenile court, appellate court, and New Jersey court she took the case to the Supreme Court. It was decided that the search was "reasonable" and the Fourth Amendment was not violated.
The Supreme Court justices used the Fourth Amendment to determine whether the case was constitutional or not. The Fourth Amendment prohibits unreasonable research and seizures. The school's search was reasonable because T.L.O was smoking in a public property (school) at the age of 14 and that is against the law.
I think that this case balanced a student's rights to privacy against a school official's duty to maintain order and discipline.
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