Galileo Galileo was born on February 15, 1564 in Florence, Italy, his father was Vincenzo Galilei, a well-known musician and music theorist. In 1574, his family moved where Galileo started his formal education at the Camaldolese monastery in Vallombrosa. In 1583, Galileo entered the University of Pisa to study medicine and soon became fascinated with many subjects, such a mathematics and physics.
After Galileo built his telescope in 1604, supporting the Copernican theory that the earth and planets revolve around the sun. In 1613, Galileo wrote a letter to a student to explain how Copernican theory did not contradict Biblical passages, stating that scripture was written from an earthly perspective and implied that science provided a different, more accurate perspective.
The Church threatened with him torture, and he finally admitted he had supported Copernican theory, but privately said that his statements were correct. He was convicted of heresy and spent his remaining years under house arrest. In time, however, the Church couldn’t deny the truth in science. In 1758, it lifted the ban on most works supporting Copernican theory.