The crops are failing! We have no food to eat nor the money to pay you or our taxes!
I couldn't care less!
The Fall of Bastille
No more fuedalism!
The Rights of Man
The Old Regime will be no more!
Liberty, Equality and Fratenity!
Rights Of Man
The 1700's for France was riddled with poverty and feudalism. There was extreme inequality between the three estates. Overly high taxes were established to attempt to pay off the country's immense debt, however, the third estate, peasants and farmers, paid the highest. Furthermore, harvests were terrible.
Monarchy Attempts to Escape France
Sacre bleu! It's the the Royal Family!
Because of the extreme inequality, the public began to take matters into their own hands. On July 14nth, armed citizens along with mutinous soldiers stormed and captured the Bastille, which was a symbol of the absolute power of the monarchy. They freed political prisoners and damaged the prison. This brought immense change as it was the first deliberate act of revolution.
Bourbon Beheading : King Louis XVI's Death
On August 4th the National Constituent Assembly, formed by the third estate members, create the Rights of Man, inspired by the Declaration of Independence of the American Revolution. The unhappiness of the current situation of inequality bred their main ideas; Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity. It rid France of feudal privileges, and by August 5th the old regime was no more.
Robespierre Rises to Power
To punish the oppressors of humanity is clemency. To forgive them is cruelty!
Welcome To Varennes
The Royal Family began to fear their fate as the Jacobins rose. They unsuccessfully attempted to escape France with the support of Marie Antoinette's brother, Leopold II, the Holy Roman Emperor, whose aims were to restore them to the throne, in hopes of securing the Austrian empire. The escape did not succeed and instead increased the influence of many of Louis’s radical enemies, therefore sealing his fate as King.
King Louis XVI is sent to the guillotine, whilst the rest of the royal family were imprisoned. This abolishes the Monarchy of France and leads to Robespierre's rise to power.
Robespierre, the leader of the Jacobin club, rose to power which led to The Reign of Terror, a period of political violence, lasting from 1793 - 1794. He purged royalists but killed over 40,000 people by the guillotine.