Rosa Parks was born on the 4th of February 1914 in Tuskegee, Alabama. She was the oldest of two other siblings. Her parents separated and she then moved to Montgomery, Alabama.
I can't deal with looking after the children. I can't afford it, we have no money!
She attended the Alabama State Teachers College but later had to drop out to help take care of her ill grandmother. This means that she was unable to graduate. She had no plans to return to her studies and so she got a job in a shirt factory.
You have to come home and look after your grandmother!
At the age of 19, she married a man called Raymond Parks. He was part of the NAACP (The National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People). Raymond supported her studies and she was able to finish her studies and get a high school diploma the following year.
December 1st, 1955. On one typical day, Rosa takes the local bus. Buses were segregated at this time so black people had to sit at the back and white people in the front. But, in the middle of the bus, a black person could sit unless there were no white people sitting there. So Rosa took her seat.
Shortly after, more passengers came onto the bus. The bus was full in the white peoples section so the man had to sit in the neutral section. This meant Rosa and other coloured people would have to move to the back of the bus. But she refused.
No sir, this is my seat. I got here first so I'm not moving.
Rosa was then thrown off the bus, arrested, fined a fee of 14 dollars and was found guilty. She was then the start of the Montgomery Bus Boycott.