13 Original Colonies: Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Caroline, Georgia, and New Hampshire
Different social classes
The British government passed the Navigation Acts of 1651. These laws were intended to create monopolies and benefit British merchants. They tried to prevent the Colonies from trading with any country other than Britain
A woman's role was running the household (cooking, cleaning, raising children, sewing, preserving foods.) A man's role was to earn money for the family, because women were not allowed to have paying jobs. Children played until the age of 7, then the girls had to help with the house, boys did chores. When they turned 12, both girls and boys had to take on harder tasks.
Social classes included enslaved field hands, enslaved house servants, free blacks, farmers, middling (middle class- small merchants/farmers), and gentry (well educated, land owners and held office)
Slaves began as indentured servants from Africa. As indentured servants became harder to find, existing indentured slaves were forced into slavery. The Slave Codes were passed in the early 1700's, formalizing the rights of slave owners.
Education for the upper class (Gentry) included reading, writing, simple math, poems and prayers. In the South, children would generally have a tutor because it was too far to travel from a plantation to school. Memorization was used a lot, as paper cost too much. The Bible was part of daily school work.