Dement and Kletiman (1957)

Dement and Kletiman (1957)

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  • The aim of the research was to find out if their is a relationship between REM sleep and dreaming
  • During this research 9 adults took part. Two being female and seven male. 
  • The adults were attached to laboratory equipment and then they went to sleep. Whilst they slept they were observed and then were repeatedly woken throughout their sleep. The participants were then asked to report if they had been dreaming and if so what they had dreamt and how long they thought it had lasted.
  • After the experiment it was concluded that REM sleep can be linked to dreaming. When the participants were awoken and asked how long they thought their dream had lasted their response matched the reported duration. 
  • During REM sleep whilst the participants dreamt, their eye movement matched the dreams the participants experienced. For example, the eye movement was vertical when one dreamt of climbing ladders.
  • One strength is that the lab used is designed to suite the participants bedroom.
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