•The battles of Lexington and Concord arethe battles that officially started the American Revolutionary War. •On April 19,1775, the British tried tosteal supplies in Concord but, the colonists were warned in advance by PaulRevere. When the British arrived in Lexington, the colonists were ready forwar. “The shot heard around the world” happened as 320-400 Americans fought atConcord to defeat the British. •The battles of Lexington and Concord areimportant because of the significance this first battle has in the AmericanRevolutionary War.
•On June 17,1775, American Colonel WilliamPrescott heard that a British general named Thomas Gage, was planning to occupyDorchester Heights in South Boston. Prescott put the American defense onBreed’s Hill in Charlestown, Massachusetts so that American troops couldoverlook Boston and the Charles River and see the Britishapproaching. After the British fired cannons on the colonists, the Britishclaimed control of Breed’s Hill. The Americans may not have won the battle butthey took many British lives. •The battle of Bunker Hill is the mostimportant battle in the Revolutionary War because it made the British realizethe Americans were going to be difficult opponents. •Additionally, the battle strengthened themorale of the colonists and their fight for independence.
•On December 25, 1776, George Washingtonwas with the soldiers who were missing their families and were not wanting toreenlistment. Late at night on December 25th,Washington and his soldiers crossed the Delaware river to surprise the Germans.There were a bunch of Germans that were drunk, so the Americans captured morethan 900 men. •This battle lifted the sprits of theAmericans and strengthened Washington's leadership abilities. It alsoencouraged more troops to re-enlist. Since most soldiers re-enlisted, it made for a strong army.
Saratoga •BritishGeneral John Burgoyne led his troops to Saratoga to set up a camp. On September19,1777, Burgoyne led an assault on General Horatio Gates’ American troops at anearby farm. Following October 7th,Burgoyne and Gates battled. Burgoyne sustained heavy loss of soldiersand supplies, so he began to retreat but Gates much largerarmy surrounded him. Then on October 17th, Burgoyne surrendered himself. •Thebattle of Saratoga is a turning point in the war because the French agree to beallies with the Americans. They sent money and troops to help the Americans.
•Valley Forge is the place where GeorgeWashington and his troops stayed from the winter of 1777-1778. The British werepositioned 20 miles away. •The Americans had 11,000 soldiers arrivein Valley Forge and were low on supplies and had to build huts for shelter.Congress didn’t provide the food George Washington requested so they sufferedfrom a lack of food and warm clothing.The troops were challenged with diseaseand exposure to the cold, so about 2,000 of them died. •Even though suffering, Washington keptgoing and trained his troops for battle. A German officer named GeneralFriedrich von Steuben joined them in Valley Forge and helped them train.
•During this battle, the Americans and theFrench were fighting side by side. •On September 28, 1781 Washington hadsurrounded General Charles Cornwallis. While Washington was on land, The Frenchhad 24 warships that were blocking all sea access points. Cornwallis wastrapped inside Yorktown, so after 3 weeks of non-stop fighting there wasnothing left to do but surrender. •Yorktown is the last major battle of TheAmerican Revolutionary War.