Before each Christmas, all of my family goes to my aunt's house to make my grandmother's Gingerbread cookies. This is a tradition passed on since her death. We only put simple decorations on these cookies, that being the Cinnamon Red Hot eyes.
Whenever I see the Gingerbread Cookies, I begin to crave them. Because I now associate the Cinnamon Red Hot eyes with the gingerbread cookie, I now crave the cookies when I see a Cinnamon Red Hot anywhere.
NS=Cinnamon Red Hot UCS= Gingerbread Cookies UCR=Craving for Cookies CS= Cinnamon Red Hot CR= Craving for Gingerbread Cookies
Each year the Red Hots are dipped in egg yolk and then placed on the gingerbread cookie. When finished, the cookies are so yummy. I associate the Red Hots with the finished product. Therefore, I crave the cookies when I see the Red Hots.
I could be walking down the street and see a bunch of red candy (similar to Red Hots). I could begin craving gingerbread cookies because of associating the Red Candy to the Red Hots. Another thing that could happen is that I would know the difference between random red candy and the Red Hots. That means I would differentiate between the two and not crave the cookies.
Generalization and Discrimination
If I'm old and the tradition has died out, I may not remember the association between Red Hots and craving Gingerbread cookies. This means seeing red hots would not give me craving.
It's possible that when I'm older, I could suddenly remember the association. This means that seeing the Red Hots would make me crave the gingerbread cookies once again!