1. Struggle for hegmony and Empire outstips the fiscal resources of the state. 2. Conflict between the Monarchy and the nobility over the "reform" of the tax system led to paralysis and bankruptcy. 3. Impluse for reform intensifies political conflicts; reinforces traditional aristocratic constitutionalism, one variant of which was laid out in Montequieu's Spirit of th Laws. 4. Social antagonisms between two rising groups: the aristocracy and the bourgeoisie 5. Ineffective ruler: Louis XVI.
The Storming of the Bastille
The estates general was a general assembly represention the French estates of the realm: the clergy (First Estate), the nobility (second Estate), and the commoners (third Estate), Summoned by King Louis XVI, it was brought to an end when the Third Estate formed into a National Assembly, inviting the other two to join, against the wishes of the King. This signals the outbreak of the French Revolution.
The Great Fear
On 20 June 1789, the members of the French Estates-General or the Third Estate, who had begun to call themselves the National Assembly, took the Tennis Court oath (French: Serment du jeu de paume), vowing "not o separate, and to reassemble wherever circimstances require, until the constitution of the kingdom is establised". It was a pivotal event in the French Revolution.
On 14 july 1789, a state prison on the east side of Paris, known as the bastille, was attacked by an angry and aggressive mob. The prison had become a symbol of the monarchy's dictatirial rule, and the event became one of the defining moments in the Revolution that followed.
Great Fear, French Grande Peur, (1789) in the French Revolution, a period of panic and riot by peasants and others amid rumours of an "aristocratic conspiracy" by the king and the privileged to overthrow the Third Estate.